What do you mean by colonial?


1. Term: Politics of the occupation and exploitation of foreign, mostly overseas territories, especially by European countries between the 16th and 20th centuries. Colonialism is characterized by the territorial expansion of a state through long-term military, political and / or economic control over the subjugated colony.

2. Types of colonies: a) Settlement colonies: Colonies founded by emigrants from the colonial powers, especially in agrarian favor, characterized by large estates and plantation economy (plantation);

b) Economic colonies: To secure the raw material supply (raw materials) of the mother countries established colonies without pronounced immigration;

c) Military colonies: For geopolitical considerations, colonies originally founded primarily to secure important sea routes;

d) Penal colonies: Colonies established as a place of residence or exile for convicts from the motherland.

3. Importance: The period after the Second World War is referred to as the phase of decolonization and the anti-colonial liberation struggles, especially in Asia and Africa. The success of this movement is expressed in so-called nation building and the increase in independent states. In many developing countries, the backward economic structures of colonialism are difficult to overcome obstacles to development, and the arbitrary demarcation of boundaries by the former colonial powers is often the cause of regional conflicts and wars.