Why are image files called image files

The JPEG Image Format - How And When To Use It

The JPEG image format is one of the most common image file formats. It is advisable to understand the potential pros and cons of this type of file, as well as how to open and convert it. The more familiar you are with this file format, the easier it will be for you to deal with it in critical situations. Here is an easy-to-understand overview of the JPEG format.

What is the JPEG image format?

The JPEG image format with its file extension .jpeg denotes digital image files. The abbreviation stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. The file type is very popular due to its high quality standard and its small size which makes it easy to download. JPEG files are compressed, which makes the file size manageable, but this reduces the image resolution. This form of compression is called lossy because it is associated with a loss of file quality.

Who is the JPEG image format suitable for?

Companies that work closely with photographers can take advantage of JPEG technology. This is because most digital cameras use a JPEG extension by default. If a photographer shares a series of photos with a company, it is very likely that there are a large number of different image files involved. Using JPEG reduces the potential need to convert a large number of photographs from photographers on projects.

The JPEG format is very popular with companies due to its small file size, since it is difficult to set up an image database while optimizing storage space. In addition, the use of JPEG as a uniform standard optimizes work processes. Most customers appreciate the common and easy-to-use file format. Those who want an accessible file type that doesn't need extensive third-party programs to edit or open will like the file format as well.

How to open the JPEG image format

Popular programs can open the JPEG image format, but there are some third-party solutions if needed. The easiest ways to open it are Microsoft Paint, Microsoft Photos, and Preview (on Mac). The fastest way is to locate the file on your computer and then double-click it to open it. Then it will be opened with your computer's standard image viewer. This applies to both Mac and Windows operating systems.

Alternative options are usually used by users who want to edit the file extensively. Even so, some users open their JPEG files in these programs no matter what they are up to. Probably the most popular third-party program for opening JPEGs is Adobe Photoshop. Photoshop allows you to view or edit a JPEG using a variety of specialized tools that other systems cannot.

Here's how to convert JPEG image format to other formats

If you plan to convert your JPEG file to another image format, you don't need third-party software to do so:

  1. Open the JPEG image file with Microsoft Paint.
  2. In the ‘File’ menu, select the ‘Save As’ option.
  3. Select the desired file type (PNG, BMP, etc.) under ‘Save as’.

Further considerations

Now that you know the basics, here are some common questions and considerations that may be of interest to you:

Are JPEG and JPG the same thing?

Yes, the JPEG is exactly the same file type as the JPG. The only difference is in the name. Because both types of files were created by the Joint Photographic Experts Group, they behave similarly. The only difference was due to the limitation of the number of characters in the naming.

When is another image format recommended?

All image formats have one thing in common: depending on your circumstances, you may want to use a different file type. For some projects, JPEG may not meet the resolution and quality requirements. Even if JPEG files can display graphics of higher quality, in certain cases they cannot compete with other file formats.

Adaptable compression

What is less well known is that the compression under JPEG can be adjusted individually. This gives users the ability to enter their ideal compression sizes and limits. This user-defined compression is a great advantage for the creation of web pages, as it ensures the correct file size for each page.

The JPEG file format adapts to the needs of businesses and users. It is therefore a good choice for image files. Make sure you know exactly when to use JPEG image formats. When doing this, consider all possible factors that could come into play in your next project before deciding whether the JPEG file format is suitable.

Casey Schmidt - Content Manager and DAM Industry Expert | Canto

Casey Schmidt is Content Manager at Canto and is interested in capturing complex topics and making them easy to understand for our readers.