Can salt and saliva break a glass?

Broken tooth: what should be considered?

Chipped or chipped tooth: first aid tips

Here's what you should do:

  • Keep calm and act carefully.
  • If the bleeding is profuse, bite on a cloth handkerchief and cool externally if necessary.
  • Look for teeth that have fallen out or broken off (never touch the whole tooth by the root, only by the crown of the tooth).
  • Put the tooth or piece of tooth in the tooth rescue box (from the pharmacy) and take it to the dentist or dental emergency service immediately.
  • Alternatively: put the tooth in a glass or something similar and cover with saliva. If necessary, take long-life milk or isotonic saline solution (available in the pharmacy). If necessary, wrap in plastic wrap. Tooth or piece of tooth must be kept moist until the dentist can be reached.
  • Go to the dentist or dental emergency service immediately. The tooth-saving treatment can take place there.
  • Report the incident to the insurance company.

You should Not to do:

  • If the tooth has broken out completely, i.e. with a root - only touch the crown of the tooth. Never touch the root, otherwise functioning cells could be damaged.
  • Under no circumstances try to reinsert teeth yourself. This could destroy the fine root fibers and reimplantation would then be ruled out.
  • Do not try to reattach or glue the tooth piece yourself.
  • Under no circumstances clean or even disinfect.
  • Do not let the tooth or piece of tooth dry out.
  • Never put the tooth or the tooth part in water.
  • Do not allow unnecessary time to pass before you visit a dentist.

With the test winner among the supplementary dental insurance, you are financially protected against all dental accidents. Regardless of which tariff you take out - our supplementary dental insurance always provides 100% cost reimbursement in the event of a dental accident.

Tooth accident - what to do?

Every third child injures their teeth while playing or exercising. But adults are not spared from dental accidents either. A fall on a bike or a walk on a slippery sidewalk in winter - if the tooth has broken off or fallen out, help is needed quickly. There are a few essential behaviors to consider that can help save the incisor or molar.

What types of tooth injuries are there?

If, for example, a tooth injury occurs during a collision, the so-called dental trauma, a dentist should be consulted as soon as possible. He determines whether the tooth surface (tooth enamel) or the tooth pulp with the nerve tissue of the tooth (tooth nerves) are damaged.

In addition to broken pieces of tooth (fracture) or completely broken teeth (avulsion fracture), the following injuries can also be present:

  • Concussion: The tooth accident caused a jolt in the alveolus (tooth socket) with a bruise. He is now touch and pressure sensitive.
  • Loosening (subluxation): The tooth has become loose as a result of the accident and there may also be bleeding.
  • Displacement: The force applied during dental trauma leads to an expansion or compression of the bony tooth socket in the jawbone. As a result, the position of the tooth changes.
  • Injection (intrusion): The tooth injury is so severe that the tooth is knocked into the jawbone. This makes the tooth appear to be visually shorter.

What to do if there is no tooth rescue box available?

If a tooth is lost or broken off, it is important to come to the dentist as quickly as possible with the broken piece of tooth or the broken tooth. If no tooth rescue box is available, the tooth can also be stored and transported differently. In any case, make sure that it does not dry out. Since any storage solution only delays the continuous death of the cells, action must be taken quickly in an emergency. While the tooth can be stored in the tooth rescue box for up to 48 hours, other alternatives only offer significantly shorter storage periods.

In an emergency, the tooth can also be stored like this:

  • in saliva collected in a jar: 15 to 30 minutes
  • in a plastic wrap: 15 to 30 minutes
  • in an isotonic saline solution: 30 minutes
  • in long-life milk: 1 to 2 hours

Tooth piece broken - can it be repaired?

Whether the dentist can save a broken tooth depends on the condition of the tooth piece. If only a small part of the tooth has broken off and the tooth nerve has not been damaged, it is very likely that teeth can be repaired. This is still feasible even after a long time. However, if there is bleeding from the tooth, the nerve may have been damaged. Then it is important to react quickly before it ignites and can possibly no longer be saved. The broken tooth or the broken crown must be brought to the dentist.

Glue broken tooth

Thanks to a special adhesive technique, a dentist can usually re-attach broken tooth parts - whether from the incisor or molar tooth. For this purpose, plastic adhesive is applied to the break and the adhesive is cured by means of polymerisation (blue light lamp). The corresponding tooth should only be used with caution for some time before the chewing function is then completely restored.

When the broken tooth cannot be glued

Even if a part of the tooth can no longer be fixed, the dentist can treat the damaged tooth so that it is fully functional again. If only a small tooth corner is missing, this can be replaced with a structure made of plastic-based material. In the case of major damage, the tooth is usually provided with a partial or complete crown.

If the rupture has opened the nerve cavity, the nerve may need to be removed and the root treated. After the dentist has inserted the root filling, the tooth can usually be rebuilt. A bridge or an implant is only used in the event of irreversible damage.

Are injured milk teeth also treated?

Injured or displaced milk teeth should also be treated quickly after a dental accident. In the worst case, permanent damage can occur to the not yet erupted subsequent teeth, which are located as tooth germs under or behind the milk teeth. In an emergency, the dental clinic or dentist can quickly determine whether the tooth injury is harmless or requires complex treatment. How severe an injury actually is can often only be found out through an X-ray or a cold test by the doctor.

What are the chances of success of dental accident treatment?

Basically, the earlier a dentist is visited, the more promising are the chances of a positive course of treatment. It is very important to bring a tooth or piece of tooth that has fallen out to the doctor. Under no circumstances should the tooth dry out during transport. A tooth rescue box should therefore complement the first aid kit. A tooth that has failed can be kept vital in it for at least 24 hours. The storage time in saliva or other recommended liquids, on the other hand, is only between 30 minutes and a maximum of two hours. If teeth are loosened or displaced after a dental trauma, they should be splinted as quickly as possible. Whether a failed tooth can be re-implanted or has to be replaced with a bridge or an implant depends on the extent of the injury. A broken tooth can usually be glued successfully if the tooth nerve has not been damaged.

Dental accident in children - prevent with a mouthguard

Many trend sports harbor a high risk of injury. Starting with hockey and rollerblading, through inline skating and snowboarding, to mountain biking. According to statistics from the Federal Association of Children's Dentists, more than every third child under the age of 16 suffers a dental accident. To protect children from this, they should wear a face mask when doing high-risk sports. The so-called mouthguard is an individually manufactured plastic splint. First of all, the dentist takes an impression of the teeth - then the dental technician makes the precisely fitting mouthguard. You can also buy a face mask in a sports shop, but it is usually insufficient as it is not designed for the individual shape of the teeth. In many sports it is enough to wear a splint that protects the upper teeth. In the event of a collision, it provides significant cushioning and helps reduce tooth injuries by up to 60 percent.

A mouthguard should not be a nuisance when worn, nor should it restrict breathing or speech in any way. It must be renewed at regular intervals as the jaw is still growing in children.

Tooth broken off after root canal treatment

It happens that teeth break off after a root canal treatment and subsequent heavy use. This applies not only to the front teeth area, but especially to molars. The chewing forces in the mouth when chopping food are very strong and if something particularly hard is then bitten, the crown of the tooth may break off. Root canal treated teeth become brittle over time and should therefore be crowned accordingly. How exactly to proceed in each individual case - that is decided by the treating dentist. The insertion of a bridge or an implant may also be indicated.

Tooth accident with tooth discoloration

Dental accidents can lead to discoloration of the teeth even years later. The causes are mostly dead tooth nerve tissue or deposits of blood breakdown products. In the anterior region in particular, many sufferers perceive this post-traumatic tooth discoloration as an aesthetic impairment. They can be the direct consequence of the accident or the result of inadequate root canal treatment. - The natural tooth color can be restored using different methods. On the one hand through a special bleaching therapy (bleaching) or through the use of veneers and lumineers.

Who pays for a broken tooth?

If the incisor breaks off with a hearty bite into an apple, then the statutory health insurance is responsible for assuming the cost of the dental treatment. If the broken piece of tooth can no longer be glued, the tooth may be provided with a dental prosthesis, such as a crown or bridge. In this case, the statutory health insurance only pays around half of the costs incurred for standard care. The patient then has to pay a high contribution himself. If you have additional dental insurance, you can reduce your private share of the bill or, with the appropriate tariff, do not have to make any additional payment.

If the injuries to teeth and teeth were caused by an accident, this should be well documented by the dentist and reported to the accident insurance company immediately. If a third party is to blame for the damage, their liability insurance may have to be included. The accident should be documented in great detail, as possible late or consequential damage can often not be ruled out. Then it is important to be able to prove that the health problems can actually be traced back to the previous dental accident in order to be covered by accident or liability insurance. High costs, for example for an implant that are not covered by statutory health insurance, may then be covered.

Supplementary dental insurance for treatment after an accident

If any consequential damage can no longer be clearly linked to an earlier accident, it is possible that neither accident nor liability insurance will cover the costs. The treatment will then be billed through the statutory health insurance. However, the statutory health insurance only pays around 50 percent of the costs for dentures. And that only in relation to the planned standard supply. In this case, patients have to bear a large proportion of the services themselves. Those who make provisions in good time and take out private additional dental insurance can significantly reduce their own contribution to the dentist's bill and save a lot of money. How much depends on the insurance provider you choose and the supplementary dental insurance tariff.

Finanztest compared supplementary dental insurance. For the fourth time the test winner with the top grade “very good” was the DFV-Zahnschutz Exklusiv 100.

Best test winner services for dental accidents!

The six-time Stiftung Warentest test winner DFV-ZahnSchutz will reimburse up to 100% of the cost of your dental treatment!

  • 100% reimbursement of costs after a dental accident in every tariff
  • Including measures to eliminate pain
  • Without a health issue
  • Without waiting
Take out additional dental insurance

All statements without guarantee.