What does VQA mean on wine bottles


The German officer Johann (John) Schiller planted eight hectares of vineyards near Toronto on the Credit River in 1811, which is considered to be the birth of Canadian viticulture. He experimented with wild vines of the species Vitis labrusca found there. In 1866 vineyards from Kentucky were planted with the Isabella variety in the southern tip of the country on the island of Pelee in Lake Erie. At the end of the 19th century there were already around 50 wine-growing businesses, most of them in the province of Ontario. From the 1930s onwards, many French and American hybrids were planted, with particular emphasis on frost resistance. One of the main actors was the Canadian wine pioneer Adhémar de Chaunac (* 1896), who founded the production of ice wines.

The prohibition or prohibition of public alcohol consumption, which was introduced in 1916 and valid until 1927, caused a great boom in viticulture in Canada (in contrast to the USA). Because wine was exempt from the alcohol ban - thanks to skilful lobbying by wine producers. At this time, the "Liquor Board System", which is still valid today, was created, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages takes place through state shops (now this is also allowed through private shops). Until the 1970s, mainly sweet, high-alcohol dessert wines were made from local Labrusca varieties, which at that time were still called sherry or port, which has now been banned.

Amazingly, it wasn't until 1975 that the first license for a privately run wine-growing operation was granted since Prohibition, this was the Inniskillin winery (in Ontario - there is also an Inniskillin Okanaga winery in the province of British Columbia). This traditional company is located on the Niagara Peninsula near the famous falls. One of the two founders was the Austrian-born pioneer Karl Kaiser (1941-2017), who initiated the production of Icewine (ice wine), which is favorable due to the climatic conditions. Today Canada is the world's largest producer of Icewines, which are mainly made from Vidal Blanc, Chenin Blanc and Riesling. This also marked the beginning of the change and increased cultivation of European Vitis vinifera varieties. The hybrids still make up a relatively large proportion. The 2010 grape variety index: