Why are there psychedelic plants

10 psychoactive plants in Germany

Anyone who thinks that there are no psychoactive plants in this country is seriously mistaken. In Germany, too, such intoxicating plants can be found in forests and meadows, sometimes even in the garden at home.

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Intoxicants and remedies

In Germany, there are many psychoactive plants in the great outdoors, sometimes also at home in the garden. The effect of such plants is not always properly known. For thousands of years these have not only been used in Germany as intoxicants and at the same time as medicinal products. However, a self-experiment with such plants should never be carried out. The expected state of intoxication can be very close to death.

Danger: Stay away from these natural drugs, as they are also called. Below is a small list of the psychoactive plants known in Germany.

Common broom (Cytisus scoparius)

The parts of the plant contain the alkaloids sparteine, genistein and sarothamnin. In their composition, they can have an intoxicating effect in high concentrations. Disturbances in perception or hallucinations can occur. With a low dose, a more relaxed state sets in. We strongly advise against trying it yourself.

  • Height: 100 to 200 cm
  • Flowers: May to June, golden yellow
  • Leaves: lanceolate, green, silky hairy
  • Occurrence: pine forests, forest edges, railroad tracks, gardens

Angel's Trumpet (Brugmansia)

The above-ground parts of the ornamental plant contain hallucinogenic alkaloids. The leaves in particular are considered an intoxicant. When enjoying it, hallucinations and feverish visions occur. The effects occur 30 to 60 minutes after consumption. Again, it should be warned against trying on yourself, because every year mainly young people have to be treated in hospital after consumption.

  • Height: 200 to 500 cm
  • Flowers: trumpet-shaped, pendulous, yellow, red, pink, white, fragrant, March to September
  • Leaves: rough, large, ovate-elliptical
  • Occurrence: widespread container plant

Yellow pond rose, Yellow Teichmummel (Nuphar lutea)

The roots and seeds are said to have an intoxicating effect. These contain the active ingredients nupharin, deoxynupharidin, metarabic acid and tannins. The effect is similar to that of opium. Trance-like states occur and in men the pleasure is said to have an aphrodisiac effect.

  • Height: 50 to 300 cm
  • Flowers: June to August, 4 to 6 cm in diameter, 15 to 20 leaved
  • Leaves: broadly elongated to elongated round, light green
  • Occurrence: Brackish water, lakes, in easily flowing waters
Note: The plants are protected. You are on the red list.

Common catnip (Nepeta cataria)

Due to the psychoactive alkaloids and essential oils it contains, the mint has a calming effect and when taken before meals it stimulates the appetite and digestion, as well as stimulating in small amounts. It takes a few days to take effect. Hallucinations may occur after consuming large amounts.

  • Height: 60 to 100 cm
  • Flowers: July to September, white to pale blue, in spike-like inflorescences
  • Leaves: ovoid to heart-shaped, notched edge, gray-green
  • Occurrence: roadsides and roadsides, rubble sites, between hedges, gardens

Poison lettuce, smelly lettuce, wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa)

This psychoactive plant has been used as a sedative and as an aphrodisiac for centuries. The leaves and the milky sap are used. In small doses, it has a pain-relieving and sedative effect. At higher doses, side effects such as headaches, sweating and palpitations can occur.

  • Height: 60 to 100 cm
  • Flowers: July to September, light yellow. paniculate inflorescences
  • Leaves: blue-green, lobed, ovate
  • Occurrence: roadsides, meadows

Hydrangea

When consumed, the young shoots, leaves and flowers can induce a state of intoxication that is similar to the effects of marijuana and hashish. In addition to hydrocyanic acid compounds, the plant parts also contain hydrangin, saponins and hydrangingenol.

  • Height: 50 to 200 cm
  • Flowers: June to September, panicles, white, blue, red, pink, violet
  • Leaves: oval to ovate, serrated edge
  • Occurrence. Gardens, parks

Black henbane, common witchweed (Hyoscyamus niger)

The herb is highly poisonous. In addition to atropine, it also contains hyoscyamine and scopolamine. Depending on the dosage, the plant can have a stimulating or soporific effect, but it can also paralyze the central nervous system. In addition to dilation of the pupils, cramps, restlessness and confusion can occur. Already 5 milligrams of the alkaloids lead to death.

  • Height: 30 to 200 cm
  • Flowering period: June to October
  • Flowers: funnel-shaped, yellow, violet veined, in leaf axils
  • Leaves: oblong oval, toothed, hairy, sticky
  • Occurrence: roadsides, rubble sites, gardens
Note: The seed was added to beer in earlier centuries to make it stronger. With the Bavarian Purity Law of 1516, its use in brewing beer was prohibited.

Thorn apple (Datura stramonium)

The nightshade plant is very poisonous. The leaves and seeds contain hallucinogenic alkaloids. Ingestion leads to a dilation of the pupils, stimulation of the heart function and digestion, and increased salivation. There are also hallucinations or bad trips with self-harm. In the worst case, death occurs.

  • Height: 60 to 120 cm
  • Flowers: June to October, trumpet-like, strongly fragrant, white, purple, prickly fruits
  • Leaves: ovate, serrated edge, dark green
  • Occurrence: roadsides, meadows, gardens, debris areas

Tumbler dagger (Lolium temulentum)

The psychoactive plant contains the active ingredient temulin. Even small doses can restrict mobility. In addition, there are changes in perception, dilation of the pupils, headaches, visual disturbances, vomiting and cramps. Correctly dosed, it is used for gout and rheumatism.

  • Height: 20 to 100 cm
  • Flowers: June to July, upright spikes, winding spindle
  • Leaves: green to greyish-green, smooth, glabrous to slightly rough leaf sheaths
  • Occurrence: roadsides, grain fields

Deadly nightshade, devil's cherry (Atropa belladonna)

The nightshade plant was used as far back as the Middle Ages for the production of ointments and tinctures that increased awareness. All parts of the plant contain hallucinogenic alkaloids. Even a small dose can cause damage. In addition to dilation of the pupil, red face, rough voice and vomiting, it can lead to tearing of resin, fits of rage and unconsciousness, with high doses also to respiratory paralysis with associated death.

  • Height: 50 to 200 cm
  • Fruits: August to October, spherical berries, shiny black, sweetish taste, strongly astringent
  • Leaves: entire, oval. lanceolate, pointed, downy hairy
  • Occurrence: Gardens, forest clearings, forest edges, fallow land
Note: Belladonna is still used today in homeopathy for complaints of the bladder, stomach, gall bladder and respiratory tract.

frequently asked Questions

Are such psychoactive plants banned in gardens?

No, they are not generally prohibited. However, one should not treat these plants recklessly and refrain from consuming them or trying on oneself in any case.

What should be done in the event of poisoning by psychoactive plants?

It is important to keep calm, do not panic. In addition to the poison control center, the emergency doctor must be called at the same time. If possible, keep the remains of the plants.